Bed bugs are small, oval, nonflying insects that belong to the insect family Cimicidae, which includes three species that bite people. Adult bed bugs reach 5-7 mm in length, while nymphs (juveniles) are as small as 1.5 mm. Bed bugs have flat bodies and may sometimes be mistaken for ticks or small cockroaches. Bed bugs feed by sucking blood from humans or animals. Adult bed bugs are reddish brown in color, appearing more reddish after feeding on a blood meal. Nymphs are clear in color and appear bright red after feeding. The wings of bed bugs are vestigial, so they cannot fly.
Where Are Bed Bugs Found?
Bed bugs were common in the U.S. before World War II and became rare after widespread use of the pesticide DDT began in the 1940s and 1950s. They remained prevalent in other areas of the world and, in recent years, have been increasingly observed again in the U.S. Increases in immigration and travel from the developing world as well as restrictions on the use of stronger pesticides may be factors that have led to the relatively recent increase in bed bug infestations. While bed bugs are often reported to be found when sanitation conditions are poor or when birds or mammals (particularly bats) are nesting on or near a home, bed bugs can also live and thrive in clean environments. Crowded living quarters also facilitate the spread of bed bugs.
Bed bugs can live in any area of the home and can reside in tiny cracks in furniture as well as on textiles and upholstered furniture. They tend to be most common in areas where people sleep and generally concentrate in beds, including mattresses, box springs, and bed frames. Other sites where bed bugs often reside include curtains, the corners inside dressers and other furniture, cracks in wallpaper (particularly near the bed), and inside the spaces of wicker furniture.
Since bed bugs can live for months without feeding, they can also be found in vacant homes.
How To Kill Bed Bugs?
Getting rid of bed bugs seems to be an uphill task for everyone. But we can get rid of them, bed bugs can be killed by correctly identifying the bold-feeding pest, as it determines that destroying method which takes into consideration the specific bug biology and habits. For example the killing methods of bugs differ if it is identified whether it is a bat bug or a bed bug. Bed bugs can be killed by following an integrated pest management (IPM), which involves a number of techniques, such as by adopting the best preventive measures, sanitation and chemicals applied to the targeted sites.
Licensed pest management professional can best handle the severe attack of the beg bugs. Several reasons have been noted for the cause of the recent bedbug resurgence but the main two are the recent increase in international travel and the use of less noxious pesticides. Sealing up the areas where beg bugs can find a place to dwell such as the places under the pillow or light plate on walls or the mattress and also by sealing up the cracks and crevices in the home can kill or control the bed bugs from spreading. After everything has been sealed and exposed, there are a few methods you can use to get rid of bed bugs but the most practical by far is steam cleaning. Bed bugs cannot survive at the temperatures above 110 degrees Fahrenheit and therefore most professional exterminators use steam cleaners to eradicate the bed bugs completely.
After killing the bed bugs by heat, it should always be kept in mind to take proper care about the factors related to cleanliness, so that they do not come back again. It is always important to keep an eye out for these creatures, especially on the beds of hotels, when you are traveling as they are easily transmitted through clothing, luggage, boxes, and other vehicles from location to location.
Bed Bug Infestations
Bed bug infestations have become increasingly common. As people move in and out of the country, they unknowingly transport the parasitic plasma pirates to and fro. Exterminators report bed bug infestations in residential homes are nearly as common as termite or cockroach invasions. Many exterminators claim the best and most effective way to eliminate and control bed bug problems is to use a professional strength insecticide after discarding of relatively expensive possessions.
However, there are several ways to completely eliminate bed bugs and control the possibility of re-infestation with common, store-bought products, diligence and lifestyle modifications. If the risk of allergic reactions exists among household members, natural (non-poisonous) methods can also be used to stop those pesky pests in their tracks.
The bed bug, Cimex lectularius, is a blood-sucking insect that prefers to feed on humans while we sleep. Although its’ painless bite often goes undetected, the welt it leaves behind can cause severe itching. Bed bugs are not known to transmit communicable diseases, however, in humans allergic to bed bug bites, nervous disorders and/or something akin to a common cold may occur. In a single night, with a mild infestation, a person could wake with several small, round welts on the fatty areas of the feet, ankles, arms, chest, and thighs. If you notice itching in more than one of these areas of your body, you probably don't have a single, rogue bed bug. You should immediately begin to seek out their hiding places to avoid a major infestation. Major infestations can occur quite fast, as the female bed bug can lay up to 200 eggs in less than a year.
Bed Bugs In Hotels
Many news reports in recent years have focused on the discovery of bed bugs in upscale hotels, and a number of lawsuits have been filed by guests in these fashionable hotels who awoke to find hundreds of bed bug bites covering their skin. Searching on Tripadvisor and other travel-review Web sites regularly reveals information and even photos confirming the presence of bed bugs in numerous hotels.
Since the bed bugs can arrive on the clothing or in the suitcases of guests from infested homes or other hotels harboring the pests, hotels can be an easy target for bed bug infestations.
How Do Bed Bugs Spread?
Bed bugs live in any articles of furniture, clothing, or bedding, so they or their eggs may be present in used furniture or clothing. They spread by crawling and may contaminate multiple rooms in a home or even multiple dwellings in apartment buildings. They may also be present in boxes, suitcases, or other goods that are moved from residence to residence or from a hotel to home. Bed bugs can live on clothing from infested homes and may be spread by a person unknowingly wearing infested clothing.
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